Today is the fifteenth day of the first month, and it is the “Lantern Festival”, also known as the “Shangyuan Festival”. The customs about the Lantern Festival are also different in different parts of the country. Among them, eating Lantern Festival, lantern viewing, lantern guessing, and lion dancing are some of the important folk customs of the Lantern Festival. In fact, “going a hundred diseases” is also an important custom of this festival. Around the Tang Dynasty, the practice of walking a hundred diseases gradually merged with disease elimination and the Lantern Festival customs. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it has become an important custom in the traditional Lantern Festival. Participants in the “Let’s Go to a Hundred Diseases” met at the Lantern Festival on the night of the holiday, walking together, walking along the wall, crossing a bridge, or walking in the suburbs.
Although it is not appropriate to go out due to the current epidemic, the lantern appreciation and walking away from the disease are based on the people ’s blessings and wishes for life. I also wish readers friends a safe Lantern Festival and a healthy Gengzi!
Lantern Festival Origin
According to legend, the Lantern Festival was set in honor of “Ping Lu” during the Han Dynasty. After the death of Han Gaozu Liu Bang, Lu Ying’s son Liu Ying became the Emperor Han Hui, and his nature was weak and he gradually entered Lu Hou’s hands. After Emperor Han Hui died of illness, Lü Hou took over the power, and the Liu clan dared not to speak. After Lv Hou’s death, the Lv clan conspired to seize power and wanted to completely replace the Liu clan. Liu Xiang defended Liu’s rivers and mountains and attacked Lu.
“The Rebellion of Zhulu” was thoroughly evaluated, and the Minister embraced Liu Bang’s second son, Liu Heng, as the Emperor Hanwen. Emperor Wen deeply felt that the prosperity of Taiping was hard to come by, so he set the fifteenth day of the first lunar month to quell the “rebellion of the Lus” as a day of fun with the people. Since then, the fifteenth day of the first month has become a folk festival celebrated all over the world-“Lantern Lantern Festival”.
Late Qing Dynasty, Qingcheng Lantern, the Palace Museum
During the reign of Emperor Han Wu, the sacrifice of “Taiyi Shen” was set on the 15th day of the first month. When Sima Qian created the “Taichu Calendar”, the Lantern Festival was identified as a major festival. During the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Ming Emperor, the Ming Emperor advocated Buddhism. I heard that Buddhism has the practice of monks watching Buddhist relics on the 15th day of the first month, and lighting the lamp to worship the Buddha. The Lantern Festival Lantern was formed. Later, this Buddhist etiquette festival gradually formed a grand folk festival. The festival went through the development process from the court to the people and from the Central Plains to the whole country.
The customs about the Lantern Festival are also different in different parts of the country. Among them, eating Lantern Festival, lantern viewing, lantern guessing, and lion dancing are some of the important folk customs of the Lantern Festival. The Lantern Festival folk activities are extended and expanded with the development of history. In terms of the length of the festival, it was only one day in the Han Dynasty, three days in the Tang Dynasty, and five days in the Song Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty started to light at eight o’clock on the seventh day of the first month, until the night of the seventeenth day of the first month. In the Qing Dynasty, “hundred dramas” such as dragon dance, lion dance, dry boat running, stilts, and twisting Yangge were added, but the festival period was shortened to four to five days.
Customs of Lantern Lantern Festival
Lantern festival lanterns are a long-standing tradition. The craftsmanship of palace lanterns was introduced into the folk from the court. At that time, there was a kind of woven frame made of bamboo, covered with gauze and paper, and the lantern made of lighted grease was the lantern commonly used in traditional festivals today.
Lanterns in the Song Dynasty were divided into four major schools-“Su”, “Fu”, “Yue” and “Jing” (that is, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Quanzhou, Fuzhou, Fujian, Chaozhou, Foshan, and Beijing). Among them, Su Deng ranked first in the four major schools. Su Deng has a long history of production and has formed delicate and beautiful artistic features. It is famous all over the country for its many colors, exquisite lantern paintings, colorful colors, exquisite structure, beautiful shapes and grandeur.